Buffalo Soldiers Day: Every July 28th is a Columbus Day for Black Americans
On the first Buffalo Soldiers Day in 1992, a monument to the Buffalo Soldier was dedicated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas by General Colin Powell.
Each July 28th since 1992 Black Americans/African Americans have been celebrating this national holiday which celebrates
the slaughter of Native American Indians who died fighting for our homeland and people.
...a black private named Robinson went to a masquerade ball at Fort Bayard, New Mexico, in 1894, dressed as "an idiotic Indian squaw," according to a published report by a fellow soldier. By the same token, it should not be too surprising to read of a black soldier calling a Plains Indian in 1890 "a voodoo nigger," repeating the voice of a white soldier who called the Plains Indians in 1873 "red niggers." This buffalo soldier only reflected the overall values of the culture in which he struggled for a place, hoping to ally himself with the dominant American group.
Photo: Wounded Knee massacre site and the invasion military of the Great Sioux Nation: 9th Cavalry H troop K Company at Pine Ridge, South Dakota 1890-91.
(Note: 2 Medal of Honor recipients are named in photo... YET THEY HAVE NO REAL HONOR)
The romantic version is, "Their name--Buffalo Soldiers--was bestowed on them by the Cheyenne people. It refers to their fierce fighting abilities along with the texture of their hair." Yet the fact remains that we lack proof that the name meant anything more than identification between brown skin and hair on one side and more likely, brown buffalo fur overcoats on the other.
In point of fact, no evidence has turned up that the Negro soldiers themselves used the name to refer to themselves, not in black newspapers, not in pension files, not in letters, not anywhere. The climate of opinion at that time was to be equal to the rest of the American military soldiers.
Let us try to take a more realistic view of the documented history of the ‘Buffalo soldier’ in the American military. American Indian people fought to hold on to their traditions, spirituality, basic economic commissary, their land, and their lives. These were not compatible, harmonious goals that could provide the basis for interracial harmony.
The explanation for the myth must be sought in the period of its emergence, rather than in the written history. Why, in the absence of data, or even despite the contrary evidence, has the myth taken hold?
The alleged bestowal of this name “Buffalo Soldiers” as a sign of respect by Indian warriors has not gone unchallenged. The most serious objection has come from contemporary Native American leaders, who were angered over the publicity attending the issue of a buffalo-soldier postage stamp in 1994 and resented the suggestion that there was some special bond between the soldiers and their warrior ancestors. In fact the 10th Cavalry's crest prominently displayed a bison, but it was designed and adopted in 1911, so while it may reflect some memory of the name dating from the regiment’s early days, it does not necessarily indicate acceptance of the name by black soldiers of the Indian-war period.
The first contemporary salvo of dissent came from Vernon Bellecourt in 2005. Writing in the weekly Indian Country Today, a reliable forum for objections to glorification of Buffalo Soldiers, Bellecourt denied that the name reflected any "endearment or respect." As far as he was concerned, Plains Indians only applied the term Buffalo Soldier to "these marauding murderous cavalry units" because of "their dark skin and texture of their hair."
The Kiowa have no love for the historic ‘Buffalo Soldiers’. They have not forgotten that because in those ‘Indian War’ times there was war between the Kiowa people and their main source of commissary the buffalo and the white men. The white men built forts in the Kiowa country, and the Negro soldiers (the Tenth Cavalry, made up of Negro troops) shot the buffalo as fast as they could, but the buffalo still kept coming on, coming on, even into the post cemetery at Fort Sill. Soldiers were not enough to hold them back.
Then the white men hired hunters to do nothing but kill the buffalo. Up and down the plains those men ranged, shooting sometimes as many as a hundred buffalo a day. Behind them came the skinners with their wagons. They piled the hides and bones into the wagons until they were full, and then took their loads to the new railroad stations that were being built, to be shipped east to the market. Sometimes there would be a pile of bones as high as a man, stretching a mile along the railroad track.
In 1845, per Texas’s annexation agreement with the United States, all “unoccupied” land became the property of the state. Since the Comanche were not citizens of Texas, the reasoning went, and therefore they were trespassers and should be militarily expelled forthwith. This is the same illogical mentality that kept American Indian Tribal people from being recognized as citizens until 1924 and ratified by the western states till 1948.
ON SEPTEMBER 27, 1874, Tonkawa scouts, under the command of Colonel Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, peered into a giant crevice in the High Plains that
would come to be known as Palo Duro Canyon. Below them, Comanche, Kiowa, and Cheyenne lodges lined the canyon floor for miles
and hundreds of their horses grazed the curing grass.
Mackenzie’s Fourth Cavalry struck the next morning at dawn, stampeding the Indians’ horses. The surprised warriors put up fierce resistance
while their women and children escaped.
Mackenzie’s force killed only three warriors but he now had over eleven hundred horses and mules, hundreds of lodges, and the Indians’ winter food cache. Rather than pursue, the ever-pragmatic Mackenzie drove the horses and mules twenty miles south into Tule Canyon. There, he allowed his scouts to select a few horses; the rest were driven up a long draw and shot by cavalrymen.
The Southern Plains’ finest horsemen: Comanche, Kiowa and Cheyenne were now afoot without food or shelter.
The Buffalo Soldiers of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry harried the scattered bands throughout the fall, winter, and spring, skirmishing, burning lodges and food caches. But the Comanche held out, hunting on foot, eating grubs and rodents.
Finally, in the spring and summer of 1875, the Comanche chiefs gathered their starving people and surrendered at Fort Sill, in Indian Territory.
On the other side, it is worth noting, at the time and later, black soldiers writing in pension requests and veterans’ newspapers showed no signs of a special regard for the Indians. They used the same dismissive epithets--"hostile tribes,""naked savages,"and "redskins"—and the same racist caricatures employed by whites. Most recently we saw the same mentality and terminology used in the hunt for Osama Bin Laudin: Geronimo. Reminiscent of the use among whites of "blackface" to denigrate and stereotype African-Americans, a black private named Robinson went to a masquerade ball at Fort Bayard, New Mexico, in 1894, dressed as "an idiotic Indian squaw," according to a published report by a fellow soldier.
By the same token, it should not be too surprising to read of a black soldier calling a Plains Indian in 1890 "a voodoo nigger," repeating the voice of a white soldier who called the Plains Indians in 1873 "red niggers." This buffalo soldier only reflected the overall values of the culture in which he struggled for a place, hoping to ally himself with the dominant American group. As historian William Gwaltney, a descendent of buffalo soldiers, said, "Buffalo Soldiers fought for recognition as citizens in a racist country and...American Indian people fought to hold on to their traditions, their land, and their lives." These were not compatible, harmonious goals that could provide the basis for interracial harmony.
The idea that the buffalo-soldier combat record surpassed that of other units helps support the notion that the Indians might have been especially respectful of the black soldiers. However, it fails to withstand analysis. These soldiers did participate in significant battles. They fought in major wars against Indians, including conflicts against the Cheyenne in Kansas after the Civil War, the decade-long and brutal Apache war of the late 1870s and early 1880s, and the last major campaign, Massacre at Wounded Knee, on the Pine Ridge in South Dakota during 1890-1891.
On the popular mythical level, General Colin Powell’s highly publicized dedication of the buffalo soldier statue at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in the summer of 1992, made the buffalo soldier into a well-known, widely familiar cultural icon, adorning tee shirts, refrigerator magnets, phone cards, jigsaw puzzles, and coffee mugs. Buffalo soldiers also became the subjects of western novels, children's books, plays, movies, and popular songs. By the turn of the 21st century, there were also statues of black frontier-era soldiers at five western posts, most recently one dedicated at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, in 2007, with two more soon to come. These are not manifestations of an untold story, but of one that is embedded in the popular culture.
Article Excerpts: http://americanindiansource.com/buffalo%20soldiers/buffalosoldiers.html
"As former victims of racism, the Buffalo Soldiers became the champions of
RAPE, GENOCIDE, BRUTALITY AND MASS MURDER OF INNOCENT PEOPLE.
They took pride in killing people who never did anything to them. They forgot all about the help we gave them because slavery is a violation of our Great Law. The Choctaw, Cherokee and Shawnee helped them escape from their slave masters to the north.
We were called “non-reformable savages”. They were told there is a time when it is okay to kill Indians and those who did so were a force for good. With pride and fervor, they attacked us 127 times to try to exterminate us."
Article Excerpts: http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/search?q=buffalo+solider
Fact: White soldiers at Wounded Knee were not the only soldiers to receive the Medal of Honor for killing Indians. On June 28, 1866, shortly after the end of the Civil War, Congress authorized the formation of the 9th and 10th Cavalry as well as the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st Infantry Regiments, which were all-Black units. The 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments that contained the Buffalo Soldiers, conducted campaigns against American Indian tribes from Montana, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Throughout the era of the Indian Wars, approximately twenty percent of the U.S. Cavalry troopers were African Americans. They fought over 177 engagements. At least 18 Medals of Honor were presented to Buffalo Soldiers during the Western Campaigns. NOTE: Reconstruction period (1865–77) Sixteen African Americans served in Congress during Reconstruction—including Hiram Revels and Blanche K. Bruce in the U.S. Senate—more than 600 in state legislatures, and hundreds more in local offices from sheriff to justice of the peace scattered across the South.
White and Black America still glorifies their murderous ancestors all in the name of genocide, oppression, greed, power, and land theft.
American history, as taught by the European, is a tool of historical suppression and oppression used against Native American Indians in order to demean us, make us to others undeserving of our way of life and beautiful homeland the Americas created for us Indians by The Creator.
America’s interpretation of history in our homeland has been this way towards our people since the first European stepped foot in our land. Their history books are written to train the masses to have a certain mindset about our people, viewing us as a people fit for museums, westerns, tall tales, costumes, cultural appropriations, untrue science theories, and bogus origin myths. They also falsely state that we are a dying race of people, yet we still remain.
We are and will always be the First and Original People of the Americas.
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